Russia Sank a Neutrino Observatory Into the World’s Deepest Lake

Baikal-GVD will assist scientists research the historical past of the universe.

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This story initially appeared on Engadget

Alexei Kushnirenko by way of Getty Photos

Over the weekend, Russian scientists lowered a sequence of detectors between 2,500 and 4,300 ft beneath the floor of Lake Baikal (by way of Phys.org). Collectively, these sensors kind the Baikal-Gigaton Quantity Detector, the most important underwater house telescope within the northern hemisphere. It would assist scientists research neutrinos. Whereas probably the most ample particles within the universe, neutrinos are additionally the smallest presently identified to people. They will additionally journey nice distances with out interacting with every other types of matter. These components make them tough to detect and research, however they will educate us lots concerning the historical past of the universe.

Alexei Kushnirenko via Getty Images
Alexei Kushnirenko by way of Getty Photos

A joint mission between Russia, Germany, Poland, Slovakia and the Czech Republic, development on Baikal-GVD began in 2015. The precise ‘telescope’ consists of a whole bunch of spherical modules fabricated from glass and chrome steel linked to the floor via a set of cables. These sensors presently occupy an space measuring 17,657 cubic ft. Over time, the plan is so as to add extra sensors to make the telescope even greater.

Alexei Kushnirenko via Getty Images
Alexei Kushnirenko by way of Getty Photos

As to why they’d put these modules underwater, it’s a helpful medium for detecting neutrinos and Lake Baikal has a variety of it. Positioned in South Siberia, it’s one of many world’s largest and deepest freshwater lakes. It’s additionally pristine and coated by ice for at the least two months of the yr. There aren’t many locations on the planet which might be as preferrred for such a analysis as Lake Baikal. The one two different telescopes that match it in scale are the IceCube Neutrino Observatory in Antarctica and the ANTARES telescope deep underwater within the Mediterranean Sea.

Associated: Scientists Might Have Discovered the Background Ripples of the Universe

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